Library of Congress, LC-USZ62-114745
In 1950, Althea Gibson became the first black player to compete in an international tennis event, the U.S. Nationals, the precursor to today's U.S. Open. She became the first black person to win a Grand Slam title, winning the French Open in 1956, and won both Wimbledon and the U.S. Nationals in 1957 and 1958. She was voted Female Athlete of the Year by The Associated Press in both 1957 and 1958. She won a total of 11 Grand Slam tournaments in her career, including six doubles titles, and was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame and the International Women's Sports Hall of Fame. She died at age 76 in September 2003.