2019’s economic impact of immigration by state

Immigration reform remains one of the biggest policy issues in 2019 and border security is taking center stage in the longest government shutdown in history.

The personal-finance website WalletHub Tuesday released its report on 2019’s Economic Impact of Immigration by State as well as accompanying videos.

In order to determine which states benefit most from immigration, WalletHub compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia across 20 key metrics, ranging from median household income of foreign-born population to jobs generated by immigrant-owned businesses as a share of total jobs.

Immigrants’ Economic Impact on Texas (1=Biggest Impact; 25=Avg.):

16 th – % of Jobs Generated by Immigrant-Owned Businesses Out of Total Jobs
42 nd – Net Difference Between State & Local Revenues and Expenditures per Immigrant
33 rd – Median Household Income of Foreign-Born Population
9 th – % of Foreign-Born STEM Workers Out of Total STEM Workers
43 rd – % of Foreign-Born Population Aged 25 & Older with a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher
22 nd – % of Fortune 500 Companies Founded by Immigrants or Their Children
25 th – % of Jobs Created by Presence of International Students Out of Total Jobs
28 th – Economic Contribution of International Students per Capita

For the full report, please visit:
https://wallethub.com/edu/economic-impact-of-immigration-by-state/32248/

In light of recent developments in U.S. immigration policy, WalletHub compared the economic impact of foreign-born populations on the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

We determined which states benefit the most — and least — from immigration using 20 key indicators. Our data set ranges from median household income of foreign-born population to jobs generated by immigrant-owned businesses as a share of total jobs. Read on for our findings, additional commentary from a panel of experts and a full description of our methodology.

Source: WalletHub

State Economic Impact of Immigrants

Overall Rank*

State

Total Score

‘Workforce’ Rank

‘Socioeconomic Contribution’ Rank

‘Brain Gain & Innovation’ Rank

‘International Students’ Rank

1
California
77.01
2
1
4
8

2
New York
74.62
3
4
2
1

3
New Jersey
70.56
1
3
3
23

4
Massachusetts
61.12
9
9
10
1

5
Maryland
59.08
11
6
7
19

6
District of Columbia
57.41
5
26
12
1

7
Delaware
56.92
12
20
1
5

8
Illinois
55.89
7
14
11
9

9
Florida
55.85
4
7
21
31

10
Washington
55.80
13
13
5
12

11
Connecticut
55.31
10
8
13
10

12
Virginia
52.50
15
11
9
27

13
Nevada
49.87
6
5
22
48

14
Texas
49.09
8
12
20
21

15
Hawaii
46.49
14
2
39
28

16
Michigan
45.83
19
22
6
13

17
Pennsylvania
45.48
20
29
8
6

18
Arizona
43.83
16
10
28
15

19
Georgia
41.87
17
19
15
29

20
Rhode Island
40.17
18
17
32
4

21
North Carolina
35.48
21
25
18
37

22
Minnesota
35.15
28
27
14
25

23
Oregon
34.55
22
16
31
20

24
New Hampshire
33.06
26
18
30
17

25
Missouri
32.51
38
40
16
14

26
Colorado
32.47
23
24
26
30

27
Indiana
31.91
34
41
23
7

28
Ohio
30.65
35
32
24
18

29
Wisconsin
29.51
39
36
19
33

30
Kansas
29.14
32
35
25
24

31
Vermont
28.37
36
23
35
16

32
Iowa
28.06
43
38
29
11

33
Kentucky
26.61
40
50
17
35

34
New Mexico
24.91
24
21
47
46

35
Alaska
24.63
27
15
46
51

36
Nebraska
23.73
42
39
33
22

37
Utah
23.58
29
28
44
36

38
Alabama
22.83
46
47
27
38

39
West Virginia
21.70
49
42
36
26

40
Oklahoma
21.67
41
34
43
32

41
North Dakota
21.17
25
48
42
34

42
Tennessee
21.14
33
45
37
43

43
Arkansas
20.94
37
43
38
42

44
Louisiana
20.27
31
51
34
39

45
South Carolina
20.14
30
44
40
47

46
Maine
19.86
45
31
41
50

47
Idaho
18.03
47
30
50
41

48
Montana
15.93
51
33
45
45

49
South Dakota
15.74
44
49
48
40

50
Wyoming
15.11
48
37
51
44

51
Mississippi
13.19
50
46
49
49

*1=Largest Economic Impact

Click here to read expert opinions and the methodology behind this report.

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