2019 Government Shutdown Report: Most & Least Affected States

As the clock struck midnight December 22, 2018, the United States government shut down for the 21st time in history. This time, it’s a less-intense partial shutdown, which occurs when Congress fails to pass necessary appropriations bills. The partial shutdown has lasted into the New Year, hitting the thirteen-day mark on January 3, 2019. For context, the longest shutdown ever was 21 days under President Bill Clinton, and only seven shutdowns have ever lasted ten days or longer. This is the third shutdown under the Trump administration, but the previous ones lasted only one day and three days, respectively.

When the government shuts down, certain federal employees work without pay or receive a furlough. This includes over 41,000 law enforcement officers, 52,000 IRS workers and 96 percent of NASA employees. “Non-essential” government services also remain inactive and certain benefits are liable to run out of funding. One of the main issues keeping the government in a partial shutdown at the moment is President Trump’s call for increased border security and funding for a border wall, to which Democrats in Congress remain opposed.

Some states are hit harder by a government shutdown than others. To determine the places most affected by the 2019 partial shutdown, WalletHub compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia across five key metrics. They range from each state’s share of federal jobs to federal contract dollars per capita to the share of families receiving food stamps. You can check out the findings below, followed by a complete description of our methodology.

WalletHub compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia in terms of five key metrics, ranging from each state’s share of federal jobs to federal contract dollars per capita to the share of families receiving food stamps.

Impact of the Government Shutdown on Texas (1=Most Affected, 25=Avg.):

32 nd – Share of Federal Jobs
16 th – Federal Contract Dollars Per Capita
34 th – Real Estate as a Percentage of GSP
47 th – Access to National Parks
17 th – % of Families Receiving SNAP (Food Stamps)

To view the full report, please visit:
https://wallethub.com/edu/government-shutdown-report/1111/

Main Findings

States Most & Least Affected by a Government Shutdown

Overall Rank
(1 = Most Affected)

State

Total Score

Overall Rank
(1 = Most Affected)

State

Total Score

1
District of Columbia
78.59

27
Vermont
30.46

2
New Mexico
65.95

28
Texas
29.59

3
Maryland
65.70

29
Utah
29.05

4
Hawaii
62.91

30
Connecticut
29.00

5
Alaska
61.08

31
Colorado
28.42

6
Virginia
56.61

32
Nevada
28.35

7
West Virginia
46.25

33
Pennsylvania
27.20

8
Mississippi
45.56

34
Massachusetts
27.09

9
Alabama
43.46

35
New York
27.08

10
Arizona
40.73

36
Delaware
26.98

11
Rhode Island
37.74

37
California
26.65

12
Montana
37.28

38
North Carolina
26.64

13
Maine
36.57

39
Arkansas
25.82

14
Florida
36.25

40
Michigan
24.96

15
Oregon
36.08

41
Illinois
24.76

16
Oklahoma
35.87

42
Ohio
24.66

17
Kentucky
35.81

43
North Dakota
23.69

18
Washington
35.71

44
New Jersey
19.30

19
Georgia
35.50

45
Kansas
18.84

20
Wyoming
33.01

46
Wisconsin
17.56

21
South Carolina
32.88

47
Indiana
17.02

22
South Dakota
32.62

48
Iowa
16.49

23
Tennessee
32.55

49
Nebraska
16.40

24
Louisiana
32.36

50
New Hampshire
15.59

25
Idaho
32.20

51
Minnesota
10.54

26
Missouri
32.15

2019 Government Shutdown Report: Most & Least Affected States

Methodology

States depend on the federal government for a great deal, from employment to key benefits. To measure the relative impact of the January 2019 partial government shutdown on each state, as well as the District of Columbia, WalletHub identified five basic metrics that speak to how people across the country will be affected by the absence of government services.

Finally, we analyzed publicly available data from official sources to score the shutdown’s impact by state, according to the following rubric. Each metric was scored on a 100-point scale, with 100 representing the biggest impact from the government shutdown. We then determined each state and the District’s weighted average across all metrics to calculate its overall score and used the resulting scores to construct our final ranking.

Share of Federal Jobs: Double Weight (~28.57 Points)
Note: This metric measures the federal employment as a share of total employment.
Federal Contract Dollars Per Capita: Full Weight (~14.29 Points)
% of Families Receiving SNAP (Food Stamps): Double Weight (~28.57 Points)
Note: SNAP funding will continue during the 2019 partial shutdown, but could eventually run out.
Real Estate as Percentage of Gross State Product: Full Weight (~14.29 Points)
Note: Gross State Product is the equivalent of GDP but at the state level. Mortgage processing will be affected by staffing shortages in the IRS, FHA and VA.
Access to National Parks: Full Weight (~14.29 Points)
Note: This metric measures both the number of national parks per capita and the acres of national parks per capita. During the 2019 partial shutdown, park staffing has been cut significantly.

Sources: Data used to create this ranking were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, usaspending.gov, National Association of Realtors and National Park Service.